Employees
  2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Employees by region (at Dec. 31)            
EMEA** 7,178 8,059 7,956 8,658 8,708 9,079
Switzerland 1,912 2,312 2,164 2,012 2,029 2,022
Germany 1,321 1,417 1,440 1,784 1,777 1,832
France 603 595 582 643 637 754
North America 1,360 1,491 1,437 1,438 1,488 1,653
USA 1,189 1,256 1,218 1,216 1,275 1'432
Latin America 1,703 2,101 2,170 2,329 2,609 2,437
Brazil 244 530 508 504 755 617
Asia/Pacific** 3,241 3,603 3,670 3,868 4,090 4,112
China 1,115 1,331 1,286 1,287 1,220 1,083
Japan 614 608 615 614 629 670
Total 13,482 15,254 15,233 16,293 16,825 17,281
             
Personnel expenses (in CHF mn)            
Wages and salaries 775 789 837 849 894 900
Social charges, other 178 171 200 182 200 207
Personnel expenses 953 960 1,037 1,031 1,094 1,107
Personnel expenses as % of net sales 22 21 21 20 20 20
Key data per employee (in CHF 1,000)            
Net sales 342 318 317 326 336 321
Net value-added* 108 92 96 98 103 103

Annotations

*   See annual report, p. 134, five-year reviews, value-added statement.